Stalin’s High-rises mean seven skyscrapers built in Moscow between the late 1940s and the early 1950s. The initial project plan was to construct 8 buildings intended to symbolize the 800th anniversary of Moscow and to "frame" (literally) the never-erected Palace of the Soviets. However, the construction of seven sisters was terminated after the death of Stalin; later, the Rossiya Hotel was built on its foundation.
The architectural predecessor of “Stalinist skyscrapers” is the Manhattan Municipal Building, built in 1909-1914 by the architect W. Kendall in the Neoclassical style.
The project designers of the Moscow high-rises, constructed involving the best experts of the time, managed to create original architectural solutions, called in special literature Stalin Empire style or Soviet monumental classicism.
The Seven Sisters are a peak of the post-war “Soviet art-deco” in urban architecture.
The seven skyscrapers are as follows:
- Main building of the Moscow State University
- Kotelnicheskaya Embankment residential house
- Ukraina Hotel
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs building
- Kudrinskaya Square residential house
- Leningrad Hotel