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Construction Objects

The Memorial to the Victory of Soviet People in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 on Poklonnaya Hill opened on May 9, 1995, to commemorate the 50thanniversary of Victory.

The Victory Park and Poklonnaya Hill architectural ensemble includes the following facilities:

  • Victory Monument (architect Z. Tsereteli)
  • Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945
  • St. Georges church on Poklonnaya Hill (architect A. Polyansky)
  • Memorial mosque (architect I. Tazhiyev)
  • Memorial synagogue and memorial Holocaust Museum (architect M. Zarkhi)
  • Chapel erected in memory of the Spanish volunteers
  • Monument To the Russian Land Protectors (sculptor A. Bichukov)
  • Tragedy of Nations sculptural group (sculptor Z. Tsereteli)
  • Memorial sign saying The monument to the defenders of Moscow will be erected here
  • Monument to Peacekeepers

The complex occupies an area of 135 hectares, featuring the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War, three churches and the Victory Monument. On the Victory Square, there is an obelisk rising 141.8 meters in height by the number of war days (1,418). The military vehicles exhibition is located near the museum. The memorial complex also contains sculptural groups.

A 25-tonne sculpture of the Goddess Nike has been built on the 100-meter mark of the monument. It immortalized so distinctly the monument instability and sailiness that the foundation laying necessitated casting about 2,000 cubic meters of concrete. An elevator (ordered in Sweden), rising 87 meters, was installed for the column maintenance and the column was assembled using telescopic towers.

The Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War, occupying 33,992 m², features an adjacent picture gallery (3,550 m²), located on the colonnade. Built using fairly expensive materials (several types of marble and granite), the square is paved with cubes. The entire dome of the museum except for copper sheathing was assembled in the lower (stylobate) section and then lifted with a jack.