The Olympic Sports Complex is one of Russia’s largest indoor sports complexes. It is located in Olimpiyskiy Prospect, Meshchansky District, Central Administrative District, Moscow, near the Prospekt Mira underground station.
The complex consists of two sport venues – a gigantic oval building featuring an indoor stadium and an oval building featuring several swimming pools. The maximum diameter of the stadium building is 224 meters; the minimum is 183 m; it occupies an area of 33,000 m². The stadium has a unique steel hanging covering (roof), which is 5 millimeters thick. The total complex space is 54,887 m². Inner space can be divided into halves with a mobile partition wall, featuring narrow doors to let people in and out.
The complex was tailored for the XXII Olympic Games in Moscow (1980), and since July 19, 1980, the Olympic Sports Complex has remained the biggest venue of its kind in Europe. When it was opened it was one of a kind.
The sports complex project was developed involving several Moscow and national design institutes at a time with a large team of architects and engineers headed by M. V. Posokhin, the development team leader, who (together with B. I. Thor) was awarded the Lenin Prize for the project in 1982. The project manager was engineer V. I. Nadezhdin; the principal constructor for the team of Glavmospromstroy. Construction began in 1977 and was completed three years later, by the time the Olympic games opened.